Archetypes

Nov. 12th, 2011 01:39 am
Alan Moore who’s written “Watchmen” is an amazing English writer specifically known for his work in comic books. In this novel Alan concentrates on mythic archetypes through the characters. The more I researched on this novel the more I realized every superhero represents a specific type of hero.

An archetype is “the original pattern or model from which all things of the same kind are copied or on which they are based.” An Archetypal Character is a character who appears over and over in legends far and wide, even in cultures that have shut themselves off from the world. All together there are six watchmen superheroes each represented a specific type of hero. Each character is locked into a specific character type that comes with its own set of personality traits and powers. Every character appears to be one with unique archetypes. Break to type of ultimately failing.

Part of the reason to what makes “Watchmen” so unique is instead of using a superhero as typical a superman, Moore went along with Dr. Manhattan. His character is the only one of the Watchmen superheroes with superpowers. All of the other fight crime with the help of technology and training. Instead of Batman, Moore went with the Comedian. Very little was revealed about Blake. He fought during the Vietnam War injuring many and participating in brutal deaths. Blake continued working for the government. Also Instead of a character like Wonder Women, he includes Silk Spectre, “an emotionally needy soul with severe daddy issues.” She was the first Silk Spectre. The novel also had characters named Nite Owl and Ozymandias. They too were considered superheroes.

To conclude “Watchmen” is an amazing graphic novel, its well thought out history is quite interesting. The relationships between the characters are conflicting at times, but in the end it all seems to equal out. Each character represents a specific type of hero. One of the things I loved best about this novel is how well Moore concentrates on the archetypes. He does it in a way where he replaces archetypes like superman with something a lot less pure and much less “heroic.” Overall it’s a read I recommend.

Work Citied

Moore, Alan, and Dave Gibbons. "Watchmen" New York: DC Comics, 1987

Park, Eric. “Watchmen,” Ericpark.org.com. Perceptions from a Pewboy, 06 Mar 2009. Web. 09 Nov 2011.
Martin Luther King was a hero to so many. He inspired, allowed to let freedom of speech take control of what anyone has in their heart, he took stands for freedom and had taught. Kings, “Letter from Birmingham Jail” did just that. He wrote this letter from the city jail in Birmingham, Alabama where he was arrested for participating in civil rights demonstration. Kings purpose for this letter was to attract attention to the audience by supporting his beliefs against racism. He wanted equality for people everywhere and said that “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”

King starts off his letter by stating this letter is a response to a statement eight Southern Christian ministers had made. They wrote a letter to the newspaper criticizing King’s nonviolent actions and had called his present activities "unwise and untimely." These ministers urged him to let the fight of discrimination to be settled in the courts. Because they considered King to be an extremist they questioned his sense of urgency for the battle of racism to be equal. King adds, he hopes his response would be patient and on reasonable terms.

I must add, as a reader I felt his passion and intensity throughout his letter. King without question answered their criticism in a careful cautious tone. He attracted a lot with his letter. He knew his audience, and with that said he assembled a reply to their criticisms but most importantly hyped his cause. He went off to add African-Americans faced murder, violence and the denial of civil rights, all of which were being supported by the courts. King took the time to answer his critics with patience, logic and intelligence. Opposed to retaliating with more rhetoric, he created a work that transcended its original purpose and became a meditation on injustice.

In my opinion this letter was extraordinary; it has touched my heart in countless ways. Because of his contribution to this matter, King has made a huge impact for the future of African Americans to live freely. King put faith in god and believed that the will of good would be the key to overcome segregation. One of the main things I took out of this is to follow your heart and most importantly your conscience against injustice and unjust laws. No matter what comes in between.
David Suzuki who’s written “Genetics after Auschwitz” is a famous environmentalist, geneticist and in my opinion an absolute genius. In this article Suzuki emphasizes on the pasts and the future. He brings much attention to the history that we seem to forget or even yet ignore. “The best guide we have to help us through the maze of ethical questions that are created by genetic engineering is history; we forget its lesson at the risk of repeating the same mistakes.” I think the whole purpose of this article is to learn from the past rather than be caught up in the future, or else we all tend to make the same mistakes.

Suzuki focuses more on the history of genetics and geneticists playing a substantial role in the Nazi death camp Auschwitz where he makes his first reference with Mengele. Suzuki explains that scientists of today seem to forget the past and the fact that it was science that led to the Nazi death camps where most of the research was taken place. Suzuki audience is not only directed at scientist and geneticist, but also the students at colleges and universities. In the article he shows concern towards science students and the fact that various courses that students took back then, don’t take as much anymore due to the lack of time. Suzuki explains today’s science students have a heavy load of science courses and little opportunity to take others outside the discipline. Some of these courses include philosophy, history, religion or literature. These are all courses that are very important since it allows them to learn about the past. “But unless we acknowledge the likes of Josef Mengele and include him in courses take by science students, we could quickly forget the lesson of history he provides,” This takes us back to learning from our mistakes. The only way that we can learn from them is through teaching our history from the past to our science students so that history doesn’t repeat itself.

Although Suzuki has his doubts on what took place in time of the Nazi death camps, he goes on to say that scientists working at Auschwitz were not random monsters of science. They were normal scientists driven by the desire to improve the human race by means of selective breeding and genetics. He emphasizes that scientists are no better or worse than any other group of people. Suzuki elaborates on the importance of not forgetting about the past throughout most of the article. He even mentions scientists from the past such as Mengele to be brilliant men that should be recognized for their help in advances of genetic sciences. This just goes to show that regardless of what Suzuki thought about what took place in the Nazi death camps, he still had respect for the work that Mengele for instance, has done.

To conclude, I believe the past is always easy to be forgotten. We go on living our lives with the thought that the past will never repeat itself, but that’s where we’re wrong. Mengele is one of many scientists who have done terrible things that should never be forgotten, especially so we don’t make the same mistakes. I have to agree with Suzuki, if people don't look back at the past (especially the darker side) the same things could come back around. He uses his experience and studies to get his message across to the public. He wants them to remember that the past is just as important as the future and we should never forget that.
The essay “On Dumpster Diving“, by Lars Eighner is based on a man who speaks of his survival as a homeless man accompanied by his dog named Lizbeth. Not only does he explain his strategies living out of dumpsters, but also the lessons he has learned as a scavenger. Most importantly I think the true message he was trying to get across is that we waste way more then we think we do, it’s in our nature.

Eighner starts off by saying long before he began Dumpster diving, he was always impressed with Dumpsters. As a result of this he wrote the Merriam-Webster research service to get all that he could about “Dumpster.” Shortly after he learned it’s a proprietary word belonging to the Dempsey Dumpster company and ever since then he began to capitalize the word even though it was lowercase. Eighner began Dumpster diving a year before he became homeless. He ended up using all of his income for rent, thus having to gather all of life necessities from Dumpsters.

He had developed a lot of experience in distinguishing on what was safe to eat and what wasn’t. He mentioned “eating from a dumpster is what separates the dilettanti from the professionals.” Eighner went by three principles, common sense, knowing the Dumpsters and checking them regularly, and seeking always to answer the question “Why was this discarded.’ Canned goods are known to be the safest of foods to be found in Dumpsters. However, some can cause fatal diseases like botulism. Raw fruits and vegetables seem perfectly harmless, except for the rotten ones of course. Hard candy are also quite safe, since most of them are hard and a method of food preservation. So are carbonated drinks the more fizz the better. Eighner also began to scavenge by pulling pizza out of the Dumpster behind a pizza delivery shop. He knew exactly what time the shop closed and went to the Dumpster as soon as the last employee left. He always seemed to have plenty simply because of bogus calls, or customer complaints.

Throughout his experiences he began to learn to avoid game, poultry, pork, egg based foods, fish and leftovers since they spoil easily. From time to time he would find a somewhat reasonable amount of beef which was most often in good condition. He also stayed away from ethnic foods only because most often it was unrecognizable. As a result it was hard to tell if it was bad. Eighner soon discovered colleges. He mentions students throw out many good things, including food. As a matter of fact they seem to throw out everything especially between moves and at the end of semesters. Some of these foods include half a jar of peanut butter, yogurt, cheese and sour cream. Most of these foods are discarded by slight imperfections, or just because some are near expiration date. The students also discarded drugs, pornography and spirits. Eighner also mentions in general people throw away perfectly good stuff, a lot of perfectly good stuff. Most of it contains much value, but he only collects things that he can use immediately.

In conclusion through Eighner Dumpster diving experiences he has learned much as a scavenger. One of the main lessons is that you can’t keep it all, since most of it will be discarded once again. He mentions his views about possessions and then states that he can now compare himself to the wealthy because he knows there’s always more. He seems to view everyone else as “rat race millions” as for the people who want everything regardless of whether they need it or not.
I'm looking forward to this course!
miko3_edith

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miko3_edith

November 2011

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